Howdy, Stranger!

It looks like you're new here. If you want to get involved, click one of these buttons!

Sign In Register

[CentOS 7/ AlmaLinux 8] How to install MySQL

MichailMichail Moderator
edited February 20 in Various Tutorials


MySQL is one of the most widely used database management systems on the Internet today. This system is used to work with fairly large volumes of information. However, MySQL is ideal for both small and large Internet projects. Reliability, high speed and flexibility are the main qualities of MySQL.

In this guide we will show you how to install MySQL on RedHat based distributions (CentOS 7, AlmaLinux 8).

Installation guide

Step for AlmaLinux 8 only: Import GPG key repository

This step is for AlmaLinux 8 only. Skip this step on CentOS 7.

Run the following command to install updated GPG keys on AlmaLinux 8:

rpm --import

1. Updating the system

First of all, make sure your system is updated.

On CentOS 7, run this command:

yum update

On AlmaLinux 8, run the following:

dnf update

2. Download MySQL

To download MySQL setup files, you first need to navigate to MySQL community website:

On this page you will see a list of setup packages for different systems. To download packages, copy the gray subtext under the package name. For CentOS 7 select "Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7 / Oracle Linux 7 (Architecture Independent), RPM Package":

For AlmaLinux 8 select "Red Hat Enterprise Linux 8 / Oracle Linux 8 (Architecture Independent), RPM Package " :

Then type to your terminal the following command:


In this command, you need to type wget, then the address and the package name (in our example, the package for CentOS 7 mysql80-community-release-el7-11.noarch.rpm). Run the command, and it should download the required packages to your server.

3. Checking MySQL repository packages

To check if packages are downloaded correctly, run the md5sum command together with the setup name:

md5sum mysql80-community-release-el7-11.noarch.rpm

The output of this command is a combination of numbers and letters. Compare it with the MD5 value provided in the download link on the MySQL website:

If they match, then the packages were loaded correctly. If not, repeat step 2 and make sure you follow the instructions correctly.

4. Add repositories

To add MySQL yum repositories run the rpm command together with the package name you have downloaded previously:

rpm -ivh mysql80-community-release-el7-11.noarch.rpm

5. Install MySQL

To install MySQL, run the following command:

yum install mysql-server

The system will ask for confirmation, you will need to press Y several times to confirm.

6. Start MySQL

To start MySQL, run the following command:

systemctl start mysqld

7. Check MySQL status

To check if MySQL is active, run the following command:

systemctl status mysqld

8. Temporary MySQL password

On AlmaLinux 8, skip this step.

To find the default temporary MySQL root password on CentOS 7, run the following command:

grep 'temporary password' /var/log/mysqld.log

In the output, you will get a temporary password that you can save in a safe place.

9. Changing temporary password

Now, to change the temporary password, run the following command:


On CentOS 7, you will receive this message:

Enter the new password and repeat it. Strong passwords should contain 8-12 characters with letters, numbers and symbols.

After you entered password, press Enter and you will be asked if you want to change your password again. You can enter No for this prompt. For all of the following prompts, you can enter Yes (confirm that other remote users will not be able to connect to the root system and test database and that permissions of unknown users will be removed).

On AlmaLinux 8 you will receive the following message:

Click "y" to continue. There are three levels of password validation policy on AlmaLinux 8 for MySQL, so you should select the one you want.

To select it, enter the appropriate number and then the password that meets the requirements of the selected policy.

After that, you can enter "y" for all the following requests.

10. Connecting to MySQL server

To connect to MySQL as root, run the following command:

mysql -u root -p

You will asked to enter your root password. Type the password and press enter.

Later, to exit MySQL, enter:


Additional configurations

Create a database

To create a database, connect to MySQL and enter the following command (change "database_name" to the actual database name):

CREATE DATABASE database_name;

Create a user

To create a user, run this command (change the 'username' and 'password' to the actual credentials you want to use):

CREATE USER 'username'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'password';

Delete a user

To delete a user, run the following command (type your actual username instead of 'username' to remove a specific user):

DROP USER ‘username’@‘localhost’;

Reset user password

You can reset your root password or any other user password at any time. To do that, connect to MySQL as root and run the following command:

ALTER USER 'your_user'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED WITH mysql_native_password BY 'new_password';

Disable or stop the MySQL service

MySQL is loaded at system boot by default, however you can disable it manually at any time:

systemctl disable mysqld

To stop the MySQL service, run the following command:

systemctl stop mysqld

Sign In or Register to comment.


Learn how to install a web and database server, email, FTP client or other applications. Discover and share information on server security or optimization recommendations.
Feel free to join our constantly expanding community, participate in discussions, strengthen your knowledge on Linux and Windows server management!
© 2013 - 2024 Time4VPS. All rights reserved.

Get In Touch